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불교어학 Buddhist Terms 실제로 사용하는 불교용어

Buddhist Terms

 

절 : temple

  • 암자 : hermitage
  • 토굴 : private residence
  • 스님 : venerable, reverned. monk. nun
  • 승가 : sangha
  • 승가대학 : sangha college/monk's school
  • 조계종 : Chogye Order
  • 불가 : Buddhist Community
  • 법명 : Dharma name/ ordained name
  • 법문 : Dharma talk
  • 법회 : Dharma meeting/assembly, Buddhist gathering
  • 백팔배 : 108 bows/prostrations
  • 백팔참회 : 10 repentances
  • 의식 : Buddhist rituals
  • 예불 : worship/service
  • 염불 : Chanting
  • 독경 : chant/recite sutras
  • 새벽/아침 예불 : morning service
  • 저녁예불 : evening service
  • 도량석 : wake up chant
  • 출가하다 : entering the Buddhist priesthood
  • 계를받다 : become ordained, renounce the world
  • 수행하다 : To practice cultivativation
  • 정진하다 : practice meditation/spirtual exercise
  • 기도(하다): religious practice. pray
  • 향(피우다): to offer(burn, light) incense
  • 참선(하다) : meditation/to practice
  • 합장: To put hands together, Buddhist greeting putting palms together
  • 합장하다 : bow with hands joined/folded
  • 주력 : sayings of the Buddha or great masters - often written by masters in special calligraphy

 

 

System

  • 총림 : (s)Vana. Training monasteries. Four big monasteries in Korea that provide comprehensive training for monks.  The four monasteries are : T'ongdosa, Haeinsa, Songgwongsa, and Sudoksa
  • 선사 : Zen master
  • 비구스님 : monk, venerable, reverend, sunim
  • 비구니스님 : Buddhist nuns
  • 비구.비구니계 : The Bhikhu/Bhikkhuni precepts
  • 강사스님 : lecturer, Head lecturer, Sutra teacher
  • 강주 : dean
  • 은사스님 : Vocation master, teacher
  • 상좌/제자 : disciple
  • 소좌/납자 : Zen practitioners
  • 사형 : spiritual brother(elder)
  • 사제 : spiritual brother(younger)
  • 성직자 : priesthood
  • 속인 : laypeople
  • 거사 : laymen
  • 보살 : laywomen
  • 보살계 : The Bodhisattva precepts
  • 불자 : Buddhist
  • 행자 : trainees/postulants/Prospective ordinaned/A novice
  • 사미 : novices
  • 사미. 사미계 : The Sami/Samini precepts/Rules for novices
  • 종정 : Supreme master/head/spiritual leader
  • 방장스님 : Zen Master. Chief of the precincts. (This title is reserved for the Zen Masters of the four main training monasteries
  • 율사 : Vinaya Master/Discipline teacher/precept Master
  • 조실 : Official title of the resident Zen Master
  • 주지 : Chief Monk. Abbot. Monastic who holds executive control over the support positions of the monastery.
  • 총무 : a Sunim who is in charge of general affairs.
  • 교무 : Catechist/a sunim who is in charge of education
  • 재무 : a sunim who is in charge of financial affairs
  • 총무원장 : President of order headquarters.

 

NAMES OF BUILDINGS

  • 일주문 : one pillar gate, one span gate
  • 사천왕문 : The Four heavenly kings. four Grardins gate
  • 불이문 : Non-duality gate
  • 대웅전 : main hall, dharma hall. main dharma hall. main buddha hall. main sanctuary
  • 법당 :main Dharma hall
  • 관음전 : Avalokitesvara hal, a boddhisattva known for compassion
  • 지장전/명부전 : Ksitigarbha hall, a boddhisattva of the deceased
  • 약사전 : healing Buddha hall
  • 미륵전 : maitreya hall, future Buddha
  • 극락전 : Amita Buddha hall
  • 나한전/웅진전 : arhat's hall
  • 설법전 : Teaching hall -where people gather to hear a lecture
  • 산신각 : shrine for mountain god
  • 삼성각 : shrine for three stars
  • 독성각 : shrine for lonely saint, independant
  • 칠성각 : shrine for the seven stars
  • 선방 :  meditation hall
  • 종구 :  bell tower
  • 공양간/후원 : dining place or kitchen
  • 오사채 : living quarters
  • 종무소 : offic, Temple office
  • 종무소직원 : clerk
  • 종각 : Bell Tower(Hall)
  • 보물장 : Temple Museum
  • 장경각 : Hall for storing Sutras, For keeping Sutras.
  • 시자실 : attendant's room
  • 해우소 : toilet, ladies & gents
  • 경내 : courtyard

 

Things

  • 불상 : statue
  • 목불 : wooden statue
  • 석불 : stone statue
  • 벽화/탱화 : wall painting, Buddhist painting behind th Buddha statue
  • A buddhist scroll painting. A Buddhist religious painting
  • 탑 : pagoda, stupa
  • 석등 : stone lanterns

 

Things in Temple

  • 복전함/불전함 : donation box/offering box
  • 단청 : literal meaning is red and blue picture of many colors and designs painted on canopy in temples
  • 온돌 : typical Korean style of underfloor heating
  • 기와 : roof tile
  • 풍경 : windbell

 

 

Instruments

  • 목탁 : wooden percussion instrument used for chanting and worship mokt'ak.
  • wooden bell-for keeping the rhythm when chanting.
  • 사물 : The Four instruments
  •   종 : bell, 북 : drum, 운판 : cloud-shaped gong, 목어 : wooden-fish
  • 요령 : handbell
  • 죽비 : Bamboo stick or clapper - dounded three times at the beginning and end of the meditation session
  • 염주 : Beads-worn around the wrist and often used for recitation in order to keep concentration. Buddhist rosary.  Buddhist beads-108  or to 1000 used for counting bows

 

 

Things to eat

  • 육식을 안한다 : refrain from meat
  • 채식하다 : eat vegetables only
  • 공양 : meal, offerings, Meal in a monastery
  • 발우공양 : sunims's taking formal and ceremonial meal
  • 대중공양 : Festival meal
  • 아침공양 : breakfast
  • 점심공양 : lunch
  • 저녁공양 : dinner
  • 마지(올리다) : to offer rice to the Buddha

 

Things to wear

  • 승복 : Buddhist robes
  • 가사 : ceremonial garment worn over robes
  • 장삼 : formal monastic robes
  • 고무신 : rubber shoes
  • 걸망 : rucksack/knapsack
  • 누비옷 : quilted clothes

 

Names of Sutra

  • 경전 : sutra/scripture/canon
  • 대승경전 : The Mahayana Canon
  •   화엄경 : Avtamsaka sutra/Flower Ornament(garland)sutra.
  •   법화경 : Saddharmapundarika Sutra/Lotus sutra
  •   열반경 : Nirvana sutra
  •   능엄경 : Surangama sutra
  •   능가경 : lankavatara sutra
  •   원각경 : The sutra of perfect Enlightenment
  •   사십이장경 : Forty-two sutra
  •   반야경 : Prajnaparamitta sutra/Perfection of Wisdom sutra
  •   금강경 : Vajracchedika sutra/Diamond sutra
  •   반야심경 : Hridaya sutra/Heart sutra
  • 어록 : record of sayings
  • 유마경 : Vimalakirti
  • 삼장 : 1)The Tripitaka, The three collections of Buddhist sutras, the Bu7ddhist Texts, are divided into three collections;
  • 2)The three collections of Buddhist sutras: the Sutras(경),Vunaya(율), and Abhidharma(논) collections
  • 대장경 : Great Scripture Store, Tuipitika.

 

Names of Bodhisattva

  • 지장보살 : Chijang Bodhisattva is the one who delays his becoming a buddha until enlightenment for the people who suffer in the world.
  • Earth store Bodhisattva.  Ksitigarbha
  • 관음보살 : Kwanum Bodhisattva is the one who is full of compassion and mercy. Avalokitesvara.
  • He/She listens to the sound of people and comforts the people
  • 약사보살 : Yaksa is a  healing Bodhisattva who heals and cures the sickness of people.
  • The Medicine Buddha. Bhaisajyaguru
  • 대세지보살 : Bodhisattva of power. Bodhisattva shown to the right of Amitabha Buddha. Represents wisdom. Mahasthamaprapta
  • 보현보살 : symbolized by the elephant. Samantabhadra. Bodhisattava of Compassionate Action.
  • 아미타불 :(s)Amitabha-buddha. Buddha of the Western Paradise.
  • The Buddha of the Light.

 

Buddhism Ceremony

  • 성도일 : Buddha's Enlightenment Day, in Korea held on the 8th day of the 12th lunar month
  • 초파일 : Buddha's birthday
  • 부처님오신날 : the day Buddha came
  • 사십구제 : Forth-ninth day Ceremony ; the memorial service held on the forty-ninth day after a person's death

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